“Current price should not be more than 15 times average earnings of the past three years.”-
“Current price should not be more than 1.5 times the book value last reported. However, a multiplier of earnings below 15 could justify a correspondingly higher multiplier of assets. As a rule of thumb we suggest that the product of the multiplier times the ratio of price to book value should not exceed 22.5. (This figure corresponds to 15 times earnings and 1.5 times book value. It would admit an issue selling at only 9 times earnings and 2.5 times asset value, etc.)”-
Unlike valuation methods such as DCF or Discounted Earnings, the Graham number does not take growth into the valuation. Unlike the valuation methods based on book value alone, it takes into account the earnings power. Therefore, the Graham Number is a combination of asset valuation and earnings power valuation. the Graham number is a very conservative way of valuing a stock. It cannot be applied to companies with negative book values.
You can succeed intellectually, physically or emotionally. The intellectual way is how we would all like to succeed: being so smart that we understand things more clearly and see farther ahead than every other investor. The pre-eminent example, obviously, is Warren Buffett. But people like him are very, very, very rare. The physical way to succeed […]
What does all this have to do with picking solid stocks? By paying close attention to the price you pay for a stock, you minimize your speculative risk, which helps maximize your total return. No one knows what a stocks speculative return will be over the next year – or even 10 years- but we […]
Identifying a company with a lot’s of cash stash and the ability to generate more is a great start. But the cash doesn’t do the shareholders any good unless management makes smart investment with it, or returns it to its owners via dividends or share buybacks. management talent and intentions are crucial. Sometimes there is just too much cash […]